The City of Neptune Beach is a community of 7,500 residents located in Duval County on a barrier island between the Atlantic Ocean on the east and the Intracoastal Waterway on the west. The primary focus of the community is to protect the residential nature of the City and to maintain its high quality of life through strict growth management standards. Neptune Beach comprises approximately 2.5 square miles and is bounded by the City of Atlantic Beach to the north and the City of Jacksonville Beach to the south.
The City operates under a City Manager-Council form of government. Residents elect a Mayor and four additional City Councilors which make up the City Council. The Council is responsible for enacting ordinances and resolutions which govern the City. The mayor presides over the council meetings. The City Council appoints a City Manager who serves as the chief executive officer and is charged with the enforcement of all ordinances and resolutions passed by the City Council. The Chief of Police, Public Services Director and Finance Director are appointed by the City Manager.
The City Attorney acts as the legal advisor to, and attorney and counselor for the City in matters relating to the City.
The City Clerk functions much like the Secretary of State. The City Clerk is a department head responsible for the legislative operations of the City. The City Clerk is the keeper of the City Seal and has direct signature authority and his/her signature is required on all Ordinances, Resolutions, and other official documents of the City.
The name Neptune Beach has origins dating back to the year 1922 when Dan Wheeler built his own train station next to his home and named it Neptune. Mr. Wheeler had been informed that if he were to build a station, the train would be required to stop. The construction of the station eliminated his walking to Mayport in order to take the train to work in Jacksonville. The station was located where the Sea Turtle Inn is now located.
The area remained a part of Jacksonville Beach until the tax revolt of 1931, when on August 11, the residents of Neptune voted 113 to 31 to secede from Jacksonville Beach and incorporate the City of Neptune Beach.